New Mexico High Court Denies Push to Declare Energy Law Unconstitutional

The New Mexico Supreme Court on Tuesday denied a Santa Fe-based clean energy group’s petition to declare certain provisions of the state’s new Energy Transition Act unconstitutional.

New Energy Economy and other groups have argued the new law — designed to move public utilities and rural electric cooperatives away from coal and toward renewable and zero-carbon resources by 2045 — undermines the Public Regulation Commission’s right to review and approve how to pay costs of retiring old fossil fuel power sources.

The Supreme Court didn’t include details in its order denying the petition.

“Unfortunately, the New Mexico Supreme Court declined to take this case at this time despite the great public interest involved,” New Energy Economy’s executive director, Mariel Nanasi, said after the decision. “We respect the Supreme Court’s decision, and we’ll do our best to continue to protect ratepayers and their economic interests and the interests of all New Mexicans to protect the environment.”

This wasn’t the only petition related to the transition law in front of the state Supreme Court.

In August, Public Service Company of New Mexico and several environmental groups asked the justices to force the commission to follow the new law.

PNM said Tuesday it was “hopeful” the court would “favorably consider” its petition, which the court has not yet ruled on.

“The Energy Transition Act responsibly balances the interest of customers, employees of the coal plant and coal mine, affected communities and the PNM’s interests while setting a transformative energy policy for our state,” PNM spokesman Ray Sandoval said.

PNM’s petition came after the commission on Aug. 21 asked the utility to “stop the clock” on procedural deadlines while commissioners evaluate whether the San Juan case falls under the new law; PNM declined to agree to the request.

The law requires the state to meet half its energy demand without fossil fuels by 2030, and 100 percent by 2045.

New Energy Economy’s filing asserted the law turned the regulatory process “upside down” and allowed PNM to go unchallenged in efforts to impose new electricity rates in return for agreeing to abide by the Energy Transition Act, passed earlier this year by the Legislature and signed by Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham.

The petition, filed in August, asked the court to force the PRC to refrain from complying with aspects of the law that petitioners said are unconstitutional. It also sought to delay PNM’s plan to issue millions of dollars in bonds to help cover the cost of closing the aging, coal-fired San Juan Generating Station in Northwest New Mexico.

In addition to New Energy Economy, environmental groups including Food & Water Watch and Tewa Women United signed on to the lawsuit challenging how state regulators will comply with the new clean energy transition law.

The court filing said the law also gives the commission “unbridled discretion to charge ratepayers whatever amount the utility decides it should receive” to pay for switching to renewable energy sources.

The Energy Transition Act allows the utility to recover investments through a process known as securitization — selling bonds that will be paid off by customers. Those bonds will fund costs associated with decommissioning the coal-fired plant, plus severance packages and job training programs for affected workers.

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