A group of Russian climate activists and NGOs filed a constitutional climate case challenging Russia’s climate strategy, on the basis that it is insufficiently ambitious to protect their human rights. We await the results from this ambitious lawsuit. In other countries, where framework cases have been successful, they have had major direct and indirect impacts on developments in climate policy. Out of nearly 50 cases that have so far received a judgment, around 30 have been dismissed. However, of the nine cases that have been heard by a country’s highest court, seven have had positive outcomes for the climate.